The Ministry of Education and Research has established a High Level Experts Group to examine, together with national and international consultants, the presence of the Romanian universities in several major international academic rankings of universities. The following international academic rankings of universities were examined and included in the University Metaraking-2016: (1) Academic Ranking of World Universities/ARWO; (2) Center for World University Rankings/CWUR; (3) Leiden Ranking/CWTS; (4) Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers of World Universities/PRSPWU; (5) QS-Top Universities Ranking/QS; (6) Scimago Institutions Ranking/Scimago; (7) Times Higher Education–World University Rankings/THE; (8) University Ranking by Academic Performance/URAP; (9) World’s Best Universities Rankings/US-News.
Each of the above mentioned international ranking was standardized based on quintiles (i.e., the ranks were divided in five equal classes; universities were places in Class 1 if they were ranked in the first 20% of the rankings available in each rank, and in Class 5 if they were ranked in the las 20% of the ranks). Subsequently, each university obtained points based on their location in various quintiles in each ranking (i.e., 5 points for Class 1, 4 points for Class 2, 3 points for Class 3, 2 points for Class 4, and 1 point for Class 5). Their position in the University Metaraking-2016 (see Table 1) was based on the total score derived from the sum of the points.
As one can see in Table 1, twenty (20) Romanian universities are comprised in the University Metaranking-2016 (see here for full text). The Top-3 Romanian universities are: (1) Babeş-Bolyai University; (2) Bucharest University and (3) Bucharest Politehnic University. There are a total number of 92 universities in Romania, 55 of them being public and 37 being private universities.
Tabel 1. University Metaraking-2016.
|Ranks||Romanian Universities||Total Score (Quintiles)|
|1||Universitatea Babeș-Bolyai din Cluj-Napoca||13|
|2||Universitatea din București||10|
|3||Universitatea Politehnica din București||8|
|4||Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza din Iași||7|
|5||Universitatea de Vest din Timișoara||6|
|6||Universitatea de Medicină și Farmacie Carol Davila din București||3|
|6||Universitatea de Medicină și Farmacie Iuliu Hațieganu din Cluj-Napoca||3|
|6||Universitatea Tehnică Gheorghe Asachi din Iași||3|
|7||Universitatea de Medicină și Farmacie Grigore T. Popa din Iași||2|
|7||Universitatea Politehnica din Timișoara||2|
|7||Universitatea Tehnică din Cluj-Napoca||2|
|7||Universitatea Transilvania din Brașov||2|
|8||Academia de Studii Economice din București||1|
|8||Universitatea din Craiova||1|
|8||Universitatea Dunărea de Jos din Galați||1|
|8||Universitatea Lucian Blaga din Sibiu||1|
|8||Universitatea de Medicină și Farmacie Victor Babeș din Timișoara||1|
|8||Universitatea din Oradea||1|
|8||Universitatea Ovidius din Constanța||1|
|8||Universitatea Petrol-Gaze din Ploiești||1|